NAMO ARIHANTANA NAMO SIDDHANAM NAMO AIRIYANA |
NAMO UVAJJHAYANAM NAMO LOE SAVVASAHUNAM ||
I prostrate before - The Arihanta
I prostrate before - The Siddhas
I prostrate before - The Acharyas
I prostrate before - The Upadhyaya
I prostrate before - All the saints
These are known as the five Parmesthees.
These 'Parmesthees' are considered to be the eternal mantras of Jainsim. Jainism is a religion and Jina is the Dharma of God. The word Jaina means- He is a Jain who follows the 'Jina'. The word 'Jina' is composed of the element 'Ji' meaning, victory and 'Jina' means one who is victorious. Those who conquer or control the mind, the speech and the body are known as Jinas.
There were some Jinas, divine souls who helped people to rise above materialism. Tirth means the sacred place by the river bank or 'ghat'. One who helps in the spread of the 'Dharma' tirtha is known as 'Tirthankara'.
According to Jainism, there are 24 Tirthankaras.
Their names were as follows:-
1) Rishabhnath, 9) Pushpadanta, 17) Kunthunath,
2) Ajitnath, 10) Sheetalnath 18) Arahanath,
3) Sambhavnath, 11) Shriyansnath, 19) Mallinath,
4) Abhinandan, 12) Vasupriya, 20) Munisruvata,
5) Sumatinath, 13) Vimalnath, 21) Naminath,
6) Padmaprabha, 14) Anantnath, 22) Neminath,
7) Suparshvanath, 15) Dharmanath, 23) Parshvanth,
8) Chandraprabha, 16) Shantinath, 24) Mahavir.