LORD SHRI KRISHNA
Lord Shri Krishna is regarded as complete incarnation of God., full of sixteen Kalas. All the other incarnations that occurred before him were not complete in themselves. Even Maryada Purushottama Lord Shri Rama had only twelve Kalas.
THE SIXTEEN KALAS
Five Kalas like 1) Anna Maya (with cereals), 2) Pranamaya (with breath), 3) Mano Maya (with mind), 4) Vigyanamaya (with knowledge) and 5) Anandamaya (with joy) are present in every human being. With little effort, humans can perfect in three more kalas - 6) Atishayini, 7) Viparinabhimi and 8) Sankramini. The other remaining eight Kalas are 9) Prabhvi. 10) Kunthini, 11) Vikasini, 12) Maryadini, 16) Sanhaladini, 14) Ahladini,1 5) Paripurna and 16) Swarupavasthit :
Anybody who has the ninth Kala besides the first five natural Kalas and next three perfected Kalas, becomes the god. As per scriptures, the ninth kalas Prabhvi means : KARTUM AKARTUM, that is able to do seemingly impossible tasks. Lord Narasinh is an example of this ninth Kala. Lord Narasinh has an altogether different appearance. He had a body of human and head of a lion. He appeared from a stone pillar that demon Hiranyakashipu had broken with a blow of his mace. It is not possible for an ordinary human being, only a God, having the ninth Kala Prabhvi, can do this. Among all these incarnations, only Lord Krishna is full of all the sixteen Kalas.
SCRIPTURAL APPEARANCE OF SHRI KRISHNA
VANSHI VIBHUSHITA KARA, NAVANEERADABHAT,
PITAMBER DARUNA BIMBA PHALADHAROSHTHAT |
PURNEDU SUNDARAMUKH ARVINDA NETRAT,
KRISHNAT PARAM KI MAPI, TATVAMAHAM NAJANE ||
Meaning : One whose hand is adorned by flute, whose complexion is like the newly formed clouds, who dons yellow clothes, whose lips are red like the fruit of Kundan; whose face is like the full moon, whose eyes are like lotus flower, I know no one other than Lord Krishna with all these virtues.
In this scriptural appearance Lord Krishna holds nothing but only a seemingly ordinary flute. Now it is up to the devotees to interpret the meaning of flute with their own view. Even the flute of Lord Krishna is full of all the Kalas and is a symbol of love. In his entire life. Lord Krishna only once raised a weapon, that to in the form of wheel during the battle of Mahabharata, to protect the vow of Pitamaha Bheeshma. Otherwise, only the flute was everything for him. Like a magic stick the flute accompanied Lord Krishna all through his life. With the enchanting tone of the flute, Lord Krishna hypnotized the world.
Hypnotism is known as Sammohana in Hindi, hence, Lord Krishna is also known as Mohana - one that hypnotizes or enchants. One must learn from it that one must have unconditional love for all the organisms in the word. If one has true, unconditional love for everyone, the world will one day bow before him, very much like when Lord Krishna played enchanting tunes on his flute in Vrindavana, and all the womenfolk and Gopis of Vraja gathered around him, Keeping all their shyness and social bindings at bay. Thus that tune of Lord Krishna's flute was a symbol of love. And love has no limits, no bindings.
LORD KRISHNA AS GIRIDHAR
One of Lord Krishna's names is Giridhar. Giridhar means the one who lifts the mountain (Giri). Mountain symbolizes virtues like immovable, complex, hard etc. Yet Lord Krishna lifted a mountain named Govardhana on his finger for the well being of the people. There were other reasons also. First of all, he preaches that don't take anything alive or lifeless - for granted. May be that seemingly useless thing proves beneficial for you one day. Even it could save your life.
There is story behind the reason why Lord Krishna lifted Govardhana mountain. The foster father of Lord Krishna, Nanda used to offer grand worship to Indra. One year when they were busy preparing for the worship Lord Krishna who was a child then, asked about the purpose of organizing worship, and what results Om could get from it. Father Nanda replied : "Son, Indra is the god of rains. And rains are necessary to grow crops that fed all the creatures. Hence, we worship Indra in order to get good rains."
Hearing this Lord Krishna said; "Father, cereals and water' richness and poverty and happiness and sorrow, people get these things according to their deeds. What can a god do to change them? Gods can not give anything to anybody. Here, there is no need to worship Indra. It would be better, instead to worship, Giriraja Govardhana (The king of Mountains), for it gives fodder for our cows, it gives us wealth, and protects us from natural calamities. Hence we should worship the mountain Giriraja only.
Agreeing to the words of Lord Krishna, Nanda and other Gopas gave up worshipping Indra and worshipped Giriraja. Infuriated of this dishonor Indra ordered the dense clouds rained heavily days and nights over Braj region. As a result a great deluge submerged the entire Braja. All the folks then approached Lord Krishna in panic and began to accuse him for their ordeal. It was, they said, because of the stopping the worship that Indra is indignant and causing so much torrential rain.
At the gullible accusation of Gopas, Lord Krishna suggested them to take refuge at Giriraja. As they had worshipped it, the mount would give them food and shelter. Approaching, Giriraja mountain with his fellows. Lord Krishna lifted the mountain on his little finger. That is why Lord Krishna also came to be known as Giridhar.
From this incidence, God preaches love for nature. That is, if the nature is preserved; kept from spoiling and worshipped, he will protect the human beings from all kinds of calamities.